External ActiveMQ Broker

<tomee>
    <Resource id="MyJmsResourceAdapter" type="ActiveMQResourceAdapter">
        # Do not start the embedded ActiveMQ broker
        BrokerXmlConfig  =
        ServerUrl = tcp://someHostName:61616
    </Resource>

    <Resource id="MyJmsConnectionFactory" type="javax.jms.ConnectionFactory">
        ResourceAdapter = MyJmsResourceAdapter
    </Resource>

    <Container id="MyJmsMdbContainer" ctype="MESSAGE">
        ResourceAdapter = MyJmsResourceAdapter
    </Container>

    <Resource id="FooQueue" type="javax.jms.Queue"/>
    <Resource id="BarTopic" type="javax.jms.Topic"/>
</tomee>

The ServerUrl would be changed to point to the host and port of the ActiveMQ process. The various URL formats that ActiveMQ supports also work, such as 'failover:'.

Internal ActiveMQ Broker

<tomee>
    <Resource id="MyJmsResourceAdapter" type="ActiveMQResourceAdapter">
        BrokerXmlConfig =  broker:(tcp://someHostName:61616)
        ServerUrl       =  tcp://someHostName:61616
    </Resource>

    <Resource id="MyJmsConnectionFactory" type="javax.jms.ConnectionFactory">
        ResourceAdapter = MyJmsResourceAdapter
    </Resource>

    <Container id="MyJmsMdbContainer" ctype="MESSAGE">
        ResourceAdapter = MyJmsResourceAdapter
    </Container>

    <Resource id="FooQueue" type="javax.jms.Queue"/>
    <Resource id="BarTopic" type="javax.jms.Topic"/>
</tomee>

The BrokerXmlConfig tells ActiveMQ to start on the tcp host/port someHostName and 61616

Internal ActiveMQ Broker with JDBC Persistence

Adding the DataSource property to your ActiveMQResourceAdapter config will automatically setup JDBC Persistence using the org.apache.activemq.store.jdbc.JDBCPersistenceAdapter

<tomee>
    <Resource id="MyJmsResourceAdapter" type="ActiveMQResourceAdapter">
        BrokerXmlConfig =  broker:(tcp://someHostName:61616)
        ServerUrl       =  tcp://someHostName:61616
        DataSource      =  MyDataSource
    </Resource>

    <Resource id="MyDataSource" type="javax.sql.DataSource">
        JdbcDriver  = org.hsqldb.jdbcDriver.
        JdbcUrl     = jdbc:hsqldb:file:data/hsqldb/hsqldb.
        UserName    = sa
        Password    = foo
    </Resource>
</tomee>

Internal ActiveMQ Broker with activemq.xml

The activemq.xml file format has a significant number of extra dependencies, such as Spring, and is therefore not included in the distribution by default.

This support can be enabled by adding the right libraries and creating an conf/activemq.xml file.

Add the following jars to the tomee.home/lib/ directory:

Create an activemq.xml file a in tomee.home/conf/activemq.xml.

Then use the xbean:file: url prefix in the BrokerXmlConfig as shown belog.

<tomee>
    <Resource id="MyJmsResourceAdapter" type="ActiveMQResourceAdapter">
        BrokerXmlConfig =  xbean:file:conf/activemq.xml
        ServerUrl       =  tcp://someHostName:61616
    </Resource>

    <Resource id="MyJmsConnectionFactory" type="javax.jms.ConnectionFactory">
        ResourceAdapter = MyJmsResourceAdapter
    </Resource>

    <Container id="MyJmsMdbContainer" ctype="MESSAGE">
        ResourceAdapter = MyJmsResourceAdapter
    </Container>

    <Resource id="FooQueue" type="javax.jms.Queue"/>
    <Resource id="BarTopic" type="javax.jms.Topic"/>
</tomee>

Finally, restart the server.

Configuration via System properties

The same can be done via properties in an embedded configuration, via the conf/system.properties file or on the command line via -D flags.

Properties p = new Properties();
p.put(Context.INITIAL_CONTEXT_FACTORY, LocalInitialContextFactory.class.getName());

p.put("MyJmsResourceAdapter", "new://Resource?type=ActiveMQResourceAdapter");
p.put("MyJmsResourceAdapter.ServerUrl", "tcp://someHostName:61616");
p.put("MyJmsResourceAdapter.BrokerXmlConfig", "");

p.put("MyJmsConnectionFactory", "new://Resource?type=javax.jms.ConnectionFactory");
p.put("MyJmsConnectionFactory.ResourceAdapter", "MyJmsResourceAdapter");

p.put("MyJmsMdbContainer", "new://Container?type=MESSAGE");
p.put("MyJmsMdbContainer.ResourceAdapter", "MyJmsResourceAdapter");

p.put("FooQueue", "new://Resource?type=javax.jms.Queue");
p.put("BarTopic", "new://Resource?type=javax.jms.Topic");

InitialContext context = new InitialContext(p);

Global lookup of JMS Resources

From anywhere in the same VM as the EJB Container you could lookup the above resources like so:

javax.jms.ConnectionFactory cf = (ConnectionFactory)
        context.lookup("openejb:Resource/MyJmsConnectionFactory");

javax.jms.Queue queue = (Queue) context.lookup("openejb:Resource/FooQueue");
javax.jms.Topic topic = (Topic) context.lookup("openejb:Resource/BarTopic");

MDB ActivationConfig

Here, the value for destination is the physical name of the desired destination. The value for destinationType is the class name that defines the type of destination. It should be javax.jms.Queue or javax.jms.Topic.

The Activation Spec properties that can be configured are:

Property Name Required Default Value Description
acknowledgeMode no Auto-acknowledge The JMS Acknowledgement mode to use. Valid values are: Auto-acknowledge or Dups-ok-acknowledge
clientId no set in resource adapter The JMS Client ID to use (only really required for durable topics)
destinationType yes null The type of destination; a queue or topic
destination yes null The destination name (queue or topic name)
enableBatch no false Used to enable transaction batching for increased performance
maxMessagesPerBatch no 10 The number of messages per transaction batch
maxMessagesPerSessions no 10 This is actually the prefetch size for the subscription. (Yes, badly named).
maxSessions no 10 The maximum number of concurrent sessions to use
messageSelector no null Message Selector to use on the subscription to perform content based routing filtering the messages
noLocal no false Only required for topic subscriptions; indicates if locally published messages should be included in the subscription or not
password no set in resource adapter The password for the JMS connection
subscriptionDurability no NonDurable Whether or not a durable (topic) subscription is required. Valid values are: Durable or NonDurable
subscriptionName no null The name of the durable subscriber. Only used for durable topics and combined with the clientID to uniquely identify the durable topic subscription
userName no set in resource adapter The user for the JMS connection
useRAManagedTransaction no false Typically, a resource adapter delivers messages to an endpoint which is managed by a container. Normally, this container likes to be the one that wants to control the transaction that the inbound message is being delivered on. But sometimes, you want to deliver to a simpler container system that will not be controlling the inbound transaction. In these cases, if you set useRAManagedTransaction to true, the resource adapter will commit the transaction if no exception was generated from the MessageListener and rollback if an exception is thrown.
initialRedeliveryDelay no 1000 The delay before redeliveries start. Also configurable on the ResourceAdapter
maximumRedeliveries no 5 The maximum number of redeliveries or -1 for no maximum. Also configurable on the ResourceAdapter
redeliveryBackOffMultiplier no 5 The multiplier to use if exponential back off is enabled. Also configurable on the ResourceAdapter
redeliveryUseExponentialBackOff no false To enable exponential backoff. Also configurable on the ResourceAdapter