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This is an example on how to use MicroProfile JWT in TomEE by accessing Principal from the JsonWebToken.

Run the application:

mvn clean install tomee:run

This example is a CRUD application for orders in store.

Requirments and configuration

For usage of MicroProfile JWT we have to change the following to our project:

  1. Add the dependency to our pom.xml file:

  2. Annotate our Application.class with @LoginConfig(authMethod = "MP-JWT")

  3. Provide public and private key for authentication. And specify the location of the public key and the issuer in our file.

  4. Define @RolesAllowed() on the endpoints we want to protect.

Obtaining the JWT Principal

We obtain the Principal in the MicroProfile class org.eclipse.microprofile.jwt.JsonWebToken. From there we can acquire username and groups of the user that is accessing the endpoint.

private JsonWebToken jwtPrincipal;

About the application architecture

The application enables us to manipulate orders with specific users. We have two users Alice Wonder and John Doe. They can read, create, edit and delete specific entries. And for each creation we save the user who created the order. In case a user edits the entry we record that by accessing the Principal who has sent the request to our backend.


  "iss": "",
  "upn": "alice",
  "sub": "",
  "name": "Alice Wonder",
  "iat": 1516239022,
  "groups": [


  "iss": "",
  "upn": "john",
  "sub": "",
  "name": "John Doe",
  "iat": 1516239022,
  "groups": [

Access the endpoints with JWT token

We access endpoints from our test class by creating a JWT with the help of our TokenUtils.generateJWTString(String jsonResource) which signs our user data in json format with the help of our src/test/resources/privateKey.pem key.

We can also generate new privateKey.pem and publicKey.pem with the GenerateKeyUtils.generateKeyPair(String keyAlgorithm, int keySize) method.